Kirthana C, Luqman Ahmed Hashim and Deoraj Sharma
Since ancient times, honey has been valued for its healing properties as a natural ingredient. Due to the strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects that flavonoids and phenolic acids have, they have a significant impact on human health. Honey has antibacterial properties and anticancer effects against several tumor types by influencing various biochemical pathways involved in cellular proliferation. The decrease in the serum concentrations of glucose, fructosamine, and glycosylated haemoglobin has also been noted as a further antidiabetic activity. Additionally, honey has a protective impact on the brain system, the respiratory system against bacterial infections and asthma, the cardiovascular system, where it primarily inhibits the oxidation of low-density lipoproteins, and the gastrointestinal system. In athletes, honey has been shown to have positive effects. The goal of this review is to compile and update the most recent data on the effects of honey on health and disease.
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